Reading: The Housemistress in New Kingdom Egypt: Hatnefer -Metropolitan Museum of Art

Reading: The Housemistress in New Kingdom Egypt: Hatnefer - Metropolitan Museum of Art
Resources for learners online
One of the many informative essays available about ancient Egypt available from the Metropolitan Museum of Art. This article discusses the burial of an early New Kingdom woman named Hatnefer. [click image to read the short essay]
In the preview image we see a limewashed wooden chest containing linen:
"This whitewashed chest was one of three found in Hatnofer's tomb. Two of the chests, including this one, were probably made especially for his burial. They were filled with linen sheets of various qualities and weaves. Shown here with the chest are a shirt of fine linen; a sheet of superfine weave, probably used as an outer garment; and a sheet of coarser weave more than seventeen yards long, which may have served as a mattress. After it was packed with linen, the chest was tied shut with a piece of linen cord that was secured with a mud seal." (,.54,.111/)
A practical and durable fabric, linen was an expensive and desirable material in ancient Egypt. It was manufactured in various qualities and used for many different purposes, and because of its value it was frequently recycled, often ending up as mummy wrappings. Linen marks recorded on the fabric give Egyptologists valuable information about the quality and origin of these fabrics.
Don't forget to explore the linked images of Hatnefer's burial goods and related objects such as a statue of Queen Hatshepsut and other noble women such as Taweret.
There are also links to other free essays and citation tools should you wish to use these essays for scholarly works.
Roehrig, Catharine H. “The Housemistress in New Kingdom Egypt: Hatnefer.” In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. (October 2004)


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