The Pyramid Complex of Djoser virtual tour

Click the link below to explore the complex
The Pyramid Complex of Djoser virtual tour
The Pyramid Complex of third Dynasty King Djoser represents a huge leap in building size and sophistication during the Old Kingdom. Unlike similar large projects like the massive enclosures of Khasekhemwy in the Second Dynasty at Abydos and Hierakonpolis which were constructed of mud brick, this ambitious project at Sakkara was rendered in stone.
Djoser's pyramid was built in stages, until it finally stood 60m high and its design changed considerably during the process.
The complex is enclosed by a wall 10.5m high which contains a Heb Sed court for rituals associated with the rites of kingship, "dummy" shrines, a mortuary temple and serdab (these last 2 are not accessible in the virtual tour). The king was originally interred under the pyramid in what has been called a 'subterranean palace' - in a burial chamber at the bottom of a shaft surrounded by a series of galleries where around 40,000 storage vessels were found. Many of the vessels dated from before Djoser's reign which may indicate that they were salvaged from the already plundered tombs of royal ancestors at Sakkara.
Although the complex is a ruin, you can definitely get a sense of scale by wandering around this site by clicking on the link below. Your tour starts in front of the step pyramid in the south court.
Can you find these features in and outside the complex?
[Tip: you can walk through walls!]
☥ Boundary markers
☥ Rounded stone features imitating timber beams
☥ Engaged stone columns imitating papyrus bundles
☥ Djed pillar wall decorations
☥ The Heb Sed court with shrines and statue fragments
☥ The South Shrine with false doors and cobra design
☥ Shaft of the South Tomb
☥ The pyramid of Unas (5th Dynasty)
And, if you want an extra hard challenge:
☥ Hieroglyphic inscriptions of Unas
☥ "Gallery Tomb B" which may belong to Hotepsekhemwuy or Raneb

Reference: Lehner, M (1997) The Complete Pyramids London: Thames & Hudson. pp84-93


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